Diabetes is a civilization disease that affects an increasing number of people. While type I diabetes (congenital diabetes) is independent of our lifestyle and encoded in our genes, we can successfully prevent type II diabetes. In case of diagnosis, we can significantly improve the prognosis with a proper, balanced diet. What is the importance of eating fresh and clean food for people with diabetes?
What diet to choose? Unfortunately, diabetes is associated with specific dietary restrictions that must be adhered to. Untreated hyperglycemia or failure to follow a diet can result in amputation of limbs – especially toes or entire feet. A permanent vegetarian – plant-based diet – is highly recommended and has excellent results in suppressing or almost completely withdrawing the disease. If you cannot be a vegan, vegetarian diet boxes without meat are beneficial for you, for example. It is worth remembering that dairy products contain simple sugar – lactose, which affects the rapid increase in blood glucose. That does not mean that you cannot eat dairy products cannot at all. You can eat them, but it is good to combine them in meals with complex carbohydrates (e.g., cottage cheese with wholemeal bread), fat (e.g., yogurt with nuts), or protein (e.g., salad with feta and turkey). Such combinations will reduce the rate of glucose release, and lactose is not so terrible for people with diabetes.
A healthy diet for diabetics is fortunately not all about restrictions, but to enjoy better health, people with diabetes should eat regularly and be as physically active as possible. Obese or overweight people with type 2 diabetes can gain significant benefits from reducing the calorie content of their diet.
People with diabetes should eat steamed, grilled, and baked foods and foods that are lower in sugar and high in fiber, which reduces lower blood glucose levels.
- kefirs and yogurts, low-fat milk
- whole-grain pastries
- lean white meat
- “al dente” vegetables
- low-sugar fruits
What fruits can a diabetic eat?
Instead, people with diabetes can eat most fruits. They are a good source of simple sugars, so they should eat them in limited amounts. Fruits that are safe and recommended for a diabetic include:
- apples, pears.
- oranges, mandarins, lemons, grapefruits – citrus fruits
- peaches, apricots, nectarines, plums
The diabetic diet: forbidden products
With a large bow, people with diabetes should avoid certain products. Indeed, the foods forbidden for a diabetic include:
- All white bread, pasta, and pastries.
- Smoked and fried fish: carp, halibut, eel, caviar, and shrimp.
- Starchy vegetables: potatoes, corn, peas, beets.
- Sweet fruits and their derivatives: bananas and heavily ripe pears and plums. Preserved fruits in a sweet marinade, dried fruits, jams, jam, marmalades, and syrups.
- Sugar and sweets: honey, jam, maple syrup, ice cream, cakes, bars, lollipops. All sweet snacks.
- Drinks: alcohol is completely prohibited! Sweetened coffee and tea, sodas, fruit drinks, sweetened fruit juices.
Why is diet so important in diabetes?
The essence of diabetes is the insufficient production of insulin by our body. It is a hormone responsible for regulating the level of glycemia (sugar) in the blood. When there is not enough of it, our body cannot deal with too much carbohydrate supply and reacts by rapidly increasing the level of sugar in the blood, which consequently damages almost all cells in our body. The nerves, blood vessels, eyes, and kidneys are particularly susceptible to this damage, which is why they are often the first to become ill. Some foods cause a very rapid rise in blood glucose levels, while others cause a slow rise – it is the latter should form the basis of a daily diet.
The importance of eating fresh and clean foods for diabetics: so what should I eat?
The basis of a diabetic diet should be products with so called low glycemic load, that is products which raise the sugar level evenly, long-lasting and give the feeling of satiety for a long time. These include whole grain products (choose wholemeal flour instead of wheat flour), unprocessed, cooked semi-hard. The diet should be dominated by vegetables, dairy products, high quality wholemeal bread and lean meat. Definitely exclude sugar (we can use substitutes in the form of sweeteners, xylitol or erythritol), white flour and highly processed fast food. We should also choose fruit carefully and eat it only as part of a meal containing protein or fibre – so instead of eating an apple for a snack, we should eat a high-protein yoghurt, add an apple and sprinkle it with bran – such a meal will not cause a glycemic peak, thanks to which sugar after the meal will be much lower.
It is also worth consulting the menu prepared for diabetes with an appropriate specialist in this field. However, our team consists of both professional chefs, and meals are prepared under the supervision of nutritionists. If you are interested in this type of service, it is worth looking at what catering manchester has to offer. Such a solution will certainly take care of your health and better mood!